FL Wright makes a place in UNESCO World Heritage Sites
The architect who redefined relationship between man, nature and architecture is an inspiration and driving force for most of the young people to join architectural profession. Born in America, FL Wright is an interior designer, writer and educator in addition to being an architect who has designed the structures in harmony with the humanity.
It is a pride moment for the architecture fraternity to know that his eight works have made a place in UNESCO World heritage site. This global recognition by UNESCO validates the fact that Wright is the greatest American architect of all times. These eight masterpieces out of his 500 visionary creations is a portrayal of his span of 70 years of long storied career. Inscribed as “The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright,” list includes ‘Frederick C Robie House’, Illinois, ‘Hollyhock House’, California, the ‘Herbert and Katherine Jacobs House’, Wisconsin, ‘Unity Temple’ in Oak Park, ‘Taliesin West’, Arizona, Wright’s homes and studios at Taliesin, Wisconsin along with the reinforced concrete spiral, the ‘Guggenheim museum’ and the exquisite weekend retreat ‘falling waters’. The meeting was held in Baku, Azerbaijan on making it a great deal that it’s the first time UN agency has recognized examples of U.S. modern architecture. The structures listed in the UNESCO list are recognized for their exclusive cultural significance exhibiting intrinsic human values evaluated by collective interests of people.
Modifying the theory of his mentor Louis Sullivan “form follows function” to “form and function are one”, he has successfully created designs that connect with the people and are true to their purpose. Often identified by the Prairie style of architecture of low-lying roofs and horizontal lines his ideals eventually evolved to Usonian style of flat roofs and open-plan spaces. Despite being influenced by the natural world he has embraced the social and technological changes, striking balance between architecture of the traditional era and modernism. He has integrated his spaces with nature and described them as great living creative spaces identifying them as ‘organic’ architecture. Emphasizing on simplicity and natural beauty his aim was to nurture the lives of the occupants.
Wright built Falling waters on a waterfall marked by series of reinforced cantilever terraces above the rocky edges making it an architectural marvel whereas Guggenheim museum, a cylindrical building wider at top than the bottom was conceived as a ‘temple of spirit’. Robie house, renowned as the greatest example of the Prairie style has continuous bands of horizontal glass windows and was built using roman bricks redefining the ideas of residential design. His Unity temple was designed to create one space for two distinct features- a worship place and a place for the service of a man.
triumphantly achieved his goal of creating a style addressing the social needs
of a modern American citizen.
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